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Ultrasonic characteristics of preovulatory follicle and ovulation in Caspian mares

ovulation

In the current study the ultrasonically observed characteristics of a preovulatory dominant follicle and the lengths of estrus, diestrus as well as some related parameters were studied during 42 interovulatory intervals in 11 healthy Caspian mares.

Article in Animal Reproduction Science

Faramarz Gharagozlou , University of Tehran

Hamid Ghasemzadeh-nava , University of Tehran

Abstract

The Caspian breed of horses is believed to be the direct descendant of the earliest equine animals. Some special characteristics of Caspian horse differentiate this breed of horses from other breeds.

In the current study the ultrasonically observed characteristics of a preovulatory dominant follicle and the lengths of estrus, diestrus as well as some related parameters were studied during 42 interovulatory intervals in 11 healthy Caspian mares.

The preovulatory dominant follicle deviated from subordinate follicles and became the largest follicle in the ovaries at Day -8.7 +/- 0.53 (Day 0=ovulation). Every mare was a single ovulator with ovulations more frequent from the left ovary than from the right (65% versus 35%).

Mean length of estrus, diestrus, and interovulatory interval were 8.3 +/- 0.86, 13.8 +/- 0.59, and 22.1 +/- 0.40 days, respectively. The time interval from ovulation until the time in which the mares were no longer in estrus was 1.9 +/- 0.42 days.

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