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STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF GASTRIC ULCER DIAGNOSIS IN THE CASPIAN MINIATURE HORSE BY ENDOSCOPY

زخم معده , gastric ulcer

Moreover, horses with history of long-term treatment with NSAID, had significantly higher incidence of gastric ulcer in the glandular.

Hassanpour, A.1 , Nadalian, M.2 *, Mokhber-dezfoli, M.2 , Frotan, H.3
۱ Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz University , Tabriz- Iran.
۲ Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran,Tehran- Iran.
۳ Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tehran,Tehran- Iran.

*Corresponding author’s email: nadalian@ut.ac.ir, Tel: 021-66929531, Fax: 021-66933222

J.Vet.Res. 62,5:227-233,2007  (Received 20 February 2004 , Accepted 18 January 2007)

Abstract:

The aim of the present study was to determination the prevalence of gastric ulcer in Caspian miniature horse.

The design Field- laboratorial study on 23 Caspian miniature horses. Feed withdraw 12-16 hours before study and the owners or riders completed a form about housing, medication, age, sex, cell boold counts and the biochemical profile tests were carried out.

Endoscope performed through the nostrils into the stomach for a systematic examination. Findings of endoscopy were analyzed by chi-squire test. Moreover, mean valus of the laboratorial values between horses with or without gastric ulcer were compared by T- test. Gastric ulcer was evident in 47. 82% of cases. However, 81. 9% and 18.1% of ulcers were in nonglandular and glandular regions of the stomach respectively.

There was significant differences between glandular and nonglandular ulcers (p<0.01) and between genders (The females had higher incidence of gastric ulcer than males)(p<0. 05). Low incidence of gastric lesions were seen in horses which received antihelmentic drugs. Moreover, horses with history of long-term treatment with NSAID, had significantly higher incidence of gastric ulcer in the glandular region (p<0.05). The occurrence of gastric ulcer was associated with over exercise (p<0.05).

There was no significant differences between serum Ca, Na, K, P, Mg and total protein levels in horses with or without ulcer. However horses suffered from gastric ulcer, showed a high serum levels of fibrinogen(p<0.05).

Key words: endoscopy, Caspian miniature horse, gastric ulcer.

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